Byju’s Moves Karnataka HC Against NCLT Order Restraining Second Rights Issue

Bengaluru, India — Edtech giant Byju’s has filed a petition in the Karnataka High Court challenging a recent order by the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) that restrains the company from proceeding with its planned second rights issue. This legal move underscores the ongoing financial and operational challenges faced by the company amid increasing regulatory scrutiny and investor pressure.


The NCLT, in its interim order, had prohibited Byju’s from initiating any further rights issues until the resolution of a dispute involving one of its shareholders. This decision comes at a critical juncture for Byju’s, which has been striving to raise additional funds to bolster its finances and sustain its aggressive growth trajectory.

Background of the Dispute

The shareholder dispute that led to the NCLT’s intervention revolves around allegations of mismanagement and lack of transparency in financial dealings by Byju’s management. This shareholder, whose identity remains confidential due to legal constraints, has accused the company of not adhering to corporate governance norms and misrepresenting its financial health.

Byju’s Response

In its petition to the Karnataka High Court, Byju’s has argued that the NCLT’s order is unjust and hampers its ability to raise essential capital for its operations. The company contends that the second rights issue is crucial for maintaining liquidity and funding strategic initiatives aimed at expanding its market presence and enhancing its educational offerings.

A spokesperson for Byju’s stated, “We respect the judicial process and have approached the Karnataka High Court seeking relief from the NCLT’s order. The proposed rights issue is vital for our ongoing projects and future plans. We are confident that the High Court will consider our plea favorably.”

Legal Perspectives

Legal experts suggest that the High Court's decision on this matter will have significant implications for corporate governance and shareholder rights in India’s burgeoning startup ecosystem. “This case highlights the tension between the need for companies to raise funds and the rights of shareholders to ensure transparency and accountability,” said Ashok Sharma, a corporate lawyer based in Bengaluru. “The High Court’s ruling will set a precedent for how similar disputes are handled in the future.”

Industry Impact

Byju’s, valued at over $20 billion, is one of India’s most valuable startups and a global leader in the edtech sector. The company has expanded rapidly through a series of acquisitions and aggressive marketing strategies. However, it has also faced criticism for its high cash burn rate and questions regarding the sustainability of its business model.

The outcome of this legal battle is being closely watched by investors, competitors, and industry analysts. A ruling in favor of Byju’s could pave the way for other startups to pursue fundraising initiatives more aggressively, while a ruling against the company might prompt a reevaluation of corporate governance practices across the sector.